In his classic Democracy in America, published in 1835, Alexis de Tocqueville makes much of Americans’ propensity for affiliating in multiple organizations in the common good. The French historian and diplomat was astonished by our proclivity to establish and join in all kinds of formal groups, not all of them political parties or civic commissions. We enlisted in fraternal lodges, cultural and educational institutions, ethnic-immigrant centers, charities, trade associations, labor unions (still in their infancy), business ventures, and, especially, churches. Well, it meant electing leaders and boards and building organizational skills we could apply elsewhere.

His observations on the American character still make for provocative reading, no matter where you stand on a political spectrum. For me, his insights on religion appear to be more problematic, a situation I attribute to his difficulty in understanding the strands of our pluralistic Protestant thinking through his Roman Catholic precepts. Still, some of his conclusions fit better than others. One, though, keeps resonating for me in this current election season:

“I sought for the greatness and genius of America in her commodious harbors and her ample rivers – and it was not there . . . in her fertile fields and boundless forests and it was not there . . . in her rich mines and her vast world commerce – and it was not there . . . in her democratic Congress and her matchless Constitution – and it was not there. Not until I went into the churches of America and heard her pulpits aflame with righteousness did I understand the secret of her genius and power. America is great because she is good, and if America ever ceases to be good, she will cease to be great.”


Here I was, trying to take a break from my almost morbid fascination with the daily developments in this unrivaled American election season, but, wham! I chanced upon this quotation, which came right after reading an analysis of the difficult plight the Republican Party will confront in looking to its future. Quite simply, as the argument goes, the GOP can’t continue to identify with conservative Christians if it wants to survive. It’s a shrinking constituency in the American population. Put another way, survey after survey finds religious identity and practice in America dropping sharply, especially among millennials. Like it or not, we’re entering a post-Christian society.

And what do I hear in this passage: “Make America great.” But it doesn’t end there. The “righteousness” and “good” elements, to me, stand in sharp contrast to what I’m hearing in Donald J. Trump’s posturing and deceitful exhortations. Righteousness, after all, is a matter of living right in upholding the teachings and standards of one’s religious faith. It proves downright humbling, if not humiliating, in practice. Read Anne Lamott and Dietrich Bonhoeffer for details, if you will, or even the New Testament.

Here, the fruits of the Spirit, including mercy, justice, peace-making, charity, self-restraint, and much more, are markers of faithfulness. End of sermon.


Well, I could veer off in many directions at this point. For now, I’ll focus on the millennials, who are a distinct minority in most of our congregations. I can share their distrust of much “organized religion.” And that’s even before the self-inflicted wounds imposed by the sexual-abuse scandals in the Roman Catholic church or the monetary improprieties among evangelicals and fundamentalists or any general hypocrisy that comes to light. We can argue against many of the distortions and outright lies preached from some pulpits, but that hardly fits all of the religious spectrum. Remember, I come at this from the radical Christianity of the Anabaptist strain – Friends, or Quakers, who are grouped among the Mennonites and Amish and an “underground church” stream dating to the Waldensians before the Inquisition. Look it up, if you must.

The bigger point has me repeatedly wondering just where young adults are finding fellowship. Tocqueville saw Americans joining networks of kindred spirits, but I just don’t see that happening now. A church – literally, in my understanding, the believers themselves rather than a building or an institution or any hierarchy – is the essence of community for many of us. Ask us for our best friends, and you know where to find them. Where are the alternatives?

The workplace? Unlikely, unless you’re ready for serious disillusionment in the rounds of pink slips.

College classmates? You’ll soon be scattered.

Neighbors? Do you even know their names? Unless you have children, that’s unlikely.

A corner coffee house or bar? Well, maybe for introductions. As well as the gym or, in my case, indoor swimming pool. Maybe sports teams are another category.

Put another way, just where are we meeting others nowadays? And how are we building community?

Tocqueville looks at our affiliations, but even the Masonic orders are having trouble filling their ranks. (Who’s going to drive funny clown-filled cars in parades in the future? Oh, that’s their Shriners’ wing, but still, you have to know one.) I rather like the Kiwanis and Rotarians in our town, but I’m not quite in their social or economic circles.

In all of this, I’m going to point to a bigger problem. In the globalized economy, everybody but the top five percent is in trouble. The current employment scene is not sustaining a single-parent household income for most Americans, and the Republicans have no response for this reality, even if it fits their ’50s mindset, other than attack the trade agreements that vastly enrich their elite financial supporters. Who do you think they’ll vote with? Not the medium-income and single-parent households, believe me.

Don’t be fooled. There’s more to “making America great” than we’re hearing: Bernie’s been right all along about where the productivity gains have been going, and it’s not to those who are working all those hours while their benefits, if any, are being decimated.

Put all of this together, and the post-Christian society is looking more and more to me like re-enslavement. How can democracy function when the people are so divided?

For that matter, we need true Elijahs and Elishas more than their pandering pseudo-prophetic foes. American greatness demands much more than we’ve been hearing or seeing, for certain.

And here, I thought I was taking a break …



  1. I’m a 1956 Baby Boomer, as was my sister 8 years older born 1948. Millennials (also known as the Millennial Generation or Generation Y, abbreviated to Gen Y) are the demographic cohort between Generation X and Generation Z. Baby Boomers just before X. I’m guessing Z is the zombie generation.

    Where to gather? Work? Or after work? Could be outer space after a few drinks or holy smoke. College? Mostly foreign students from other planets. Neighbors? They are from other planets! “Put another way, just where are we meeting others nowadays?” Near as I can tell, WordPress? Facebook? Twitter? Elsewhere Internet?

    Having observed it myself a few times, I get the impression the homeless and low income of the Millennials are liking “Church in the Park” meeting places for fellowship spreading across the U.S. with “Church Under the Bridge” and other variations. It’s other generations too, including the one before mine – who (seriously) I just found out are the Silent Generation.

    Excellent article you wrote – I’ve shared it at Twitter.

  2. Interesting point of view and a great post! In so many ways we are isolated as a society. How common is it to cook food for a neighbor who is sick, or to have a civic discussion. This, in part, has helped to user in the embracing of ignorance that is so prevalent here. When you regularly civilly discuss things with friends and neighbors of diverse perspectives it is a learning experience. We miss this. We retreat to our TVs, social networks, and homes and don’t enjoy life in the public realm.

    Hopefully some of the forces trying to build community succeed, if not, we’re heading down the road to more polarization, misunderstanding, and ignorance.

  3. Yes, Election 2016 gets more bizarre by the minute. Trump has been quoting the Bible, including First John Chapter 4. Promising One America as of January 20. Only way he can do the extreme things he promises is to declare Martial Law, and he has already promised to federalize and militarize the police. He’s a dictator in his business world. Only means of management he knows. He likes dictators of other countries. He will be one. Mix in religion and his own delusions of godhood now, and you get what Robert A. Heinlein warned about in the “If This Goes On” story in the novel “Revolt in 2100” – no more elections after 2016.

    Meantime I’m reaching out to other kinds of bizarre classic entertainment to try to stay in a humorous mood. A brief follow-up on the “fellowship” subject. How do I know some foreign students at Oklahoma University (near where I live) are from other planets? The all carry the same textbook for the same class. “To Serve Man” What’s for dinner must be a variation of Soylent Green. “It’s a cookbook!” Fellowship with the food. https://youtu.be/NIufLRpJYnI

  4. Another excellent post Jnana! I think Millennials experience the same religious impulses as their forbears, but have rejected their parents’ religion, possibly because all they saw was form and not substance. So they create new communities, frequently through activist groups and causes. Social media does provide them with a sense of belonging, even if it is an ultimately empty feeling.

    What I have seen a couple of times recently though is a recreation or imitation of Christian fellowship and community through music. Two concerts from earlier this summer come to mind, The Lumineers and Mumford & Sons. If I may, my thoughts on them were posted at https://lorneanderson.com/2016/09/11/21st-century-church/ and at https://lorneanderson.com/2016/07/13/bluesfest-2016-ii-the-lumineers/

    At both shows the audience reaction fascinated me.

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